Holly pruning

Holly pruning

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Question: Can I prune my holly?

Hi, I think I read all the other answers but I don't find myself in any ... my creed (experience 0) is a holly tree, cone-shaped, like a pine tree. Approximate age 20 years, height 2 meters. The skeleton of the plant is almost empty except for very sparse leaves of very thin leaves ... but can it be pruned? How not to ruin his current form by making him invigorate? When? Was this also how the hedge should have been pruned early July? Am I still in time?

Holly pruning: Answer: prune flowering shrubs

Dear Giorgio,
hollies are large slow-growing shrubs, which generally are not pruned, especially when they are "elderly" like yours; pruning takes place only in the early years, to give a particular shape to the shrub. If, however, you think your holly needs to be thickened, surely a pruning will help, stimulating the development of new, denser and thicker shoots. This type of pruning is carried out between the end of winter and the beginning of spring, when the plants have not yet begun the new vegetative development, and the climate tends to become milder. You can also prune in late summer, or in autumn, but it depends on where you live; the late prunings in fact cause the development of new autumn shoots, which could be damaged by the winter frost, since they will still be tender and fresh when the cold arrives. The spring pruning instead, usually causes the total or partial lack of flowering, and consequently of berries. Then consider that your pruning will re-establish a good balance in the foliage, stimulating the plant to produce new side shoots; but at the same time it will make you lose flowers and berries. This type of "sacrifice" may be necessary when we fear that our shrub becomes bare and sparse. In general, pruning causes a rapid response of the plants, and therefore it is usually not necessary to prune every year, especially in the case of shrubs such as the holly, which develops very slowly. If, however, your holly tends to develop steadily in a dense and dense manner over the years, you can evaluate the possibility of practicing light spring pruning every two or three years; in this way the plant will tend to develop in a more compact way, without the need to cut large quantities of wood.