We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
These are some of the first questions that begin to worry even experienced farmers and gardeners who first started growing pumpkins on their site.
This vegetable is known for its nutritional value and benefits in the preparation of safe baby food.
The pumpkin is rich vitamins and minerals, thanks to which it is possible to normalize digestion, blood pressure, improve vision and metabolism in the body.
You can learn how to dry pumpkin and how to dry pumpkin seeds from our articles. Some varieties are so tasty and sweet in taste that they are recommended to be eaten without heat treatment.
Requirements for the premises
Read about whether it is possible to store pumpkin at home in winter in our other article. Can pumpkin be stored in the cellar? In order not to lose precious supplies of the pumpkin harvest, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for long-term storage... This includes the excellent condition of the cellar and basement, the preparation of vegetables, adherence to the correct temperature and humidity levels, as well as the intelligent placement of products next to which the pumpkin can be safely stored side by side.
How to prepare a pumpkin cellar? If necessary, swipe cleaning indoors, thoroughly cleaning it from debris, dust and possible traces mold.
What's left of food since last year better to eat immediately or throw away.
The next stage is disinfection and drying of the cellar. Check all corners, floors and walls for moisture, dry them, then treat the surfaces lime solution or 2% solution table saltto protect your stocks from harmful microorganisms.
A month before laying pumpkins and other products, all surfaces can be treated with a sprayer with a solution of lime and copper or iron sulfate.
The room should not be musty or stuffy - the cellar will have to be ventilated, especially after use sulfur checkers, about two days.
All shelves, racks and other surfaces should be rinsed, cleaned and wiped dry.
On top of them you can spread dry straw or paper in several layers. Subsequently, it will probably have to be changed several times if it gets damp. If you have enough free space, then place a couple of boxes in the cellar, filled to the top with dry sawdust or ash.
They are excellent at absorbing excess moisture, maintaining a pumpkin-friendly atmosphere. You can find out how and in what time frame it is necessary to harvest pumpkin from the garden for storage on our website.
How to store a pumpkin in the cellar for the winter? What is the best storage temperature? Like the vast majority of vegetables, pumpkin loves to be lightly cool. The best temperature is considered to be + 3-5 ° C.
Some varieties thrive at + 10 ° C. A little lower - and the fruits can freeze, a little higher - and they will gradually begin rot, thereby significantly reducing the permissible shelf life.
What is the optimal humidity? Humidity indoors should be moderate (70-75%), so as not to create a harmful environment in which diseases would begin to develop.
It is quite difficult to maintain an even temperature around the entire perimeter of the cellar, especially if it does not have a built-in ventilation system... Most often, cold air accumulates at the bottom, where the temperature reigns from 0 to +2 ° C.
To save the pumpkin from freezing, you can store it on low elevation, for example, laid out on wall shelves or wooden pallets.
With which vegetables and fruits is it possible, and with which it is undesirable to store the pumpkin in the cellar? Pumpkin can keep quietly with vegetables that, like her, do not like too low temperatures. These are zucchini, radishes, eggplants.
With the rest of the vegetables, it is better for her either not to intersect in the same room, or to be at different levels in height. In any case, pumpkin should not touch neither with each other, nor with other products.
Variety selection and preparation
Which pumpkin varieties are best for cellar and basement storage?
Late-ripening fruits are designed for longer storage, which can be distinguished by strong peel, rich orange hue and tender, appetizing pulp.
Good nutmeg varieties able to lie in an optimal environment for about six months. Typical representatives: Vitamin, Pearl, Interception, Vita, Muscat, Butternat Ponca, Testi Delipe.
Among the mid-season varieties, varieties are also suitable for the cellar with excellent keeping quality, for example "Zhdanna", "Golosemyannaya" and "Arabatskaya". These large fruits have a hard bark and a high resistance to disease.
If you are going to store purchased pumpkin in the cellar, then pay attention to the stalk: A completely cut tail will be a threat to the whole fetus. It will become a kind of entrance for harmful microbes, allowing various diseases to develop inside. Never cut the stem off at the root - leave about 8-12cm... Do not try to rip off the ponytail with your bare hands, only with a knife.
How to prepare a pumpkin for storage in a cellar? First of all, you will have to select the most successful fruits. Sort ripe pumpkins from immature onesand healthy ones from those affected by diseases.
Simply cut off areas with dark spots and mildew not enough: This will only increase the risk of developing mold, but will not protect healthy vegetables from contamination. Also, only whole pumpkins should be stored, without cracks, pest-eaten skin areas, etc.
The crop just harvested from the beds must be cleaned of dirt with a dry towel and left for a while. dry out in a dark dry place.
Remember that the pumpkin should have hers. natural protective layer... That is why, after harvesting, you cannot wash or wipe the plants with a damp cloth - so you will only serve the pathogens.
How to store pumpkin in the basement in winter? The pumpkin cannot be piled or heaped - try to arrange the vegetables so that they did not touch each other or the walls of the cellar... It is best to lay them out on shelves or wooden platforms, well covered with straw or parchment. This is necessary to avoid the accumulation of excess moisture on the skins of the pumpkin.
In addition to dry bedding, from time to time (once a month) you will need monitor the state the harvest itself.
As soon as the first signs of infection were noticed, it is better to remove a large vegetable from the bulk and throw it away.
If the humidity is too high, gently wipe the vegetables with a dry towel and leave the room open for better ventilation.
In order not to throw out specimens slightly damaged only from the side in vain, areas with scratches or dents can be carefully cut off with a knife. However, after that, it is advisable to store the pumpkin not in the cellar or in the basement, but in refrigerator or freezer... You can learn how to freeze pumpkin in the freezer for further cooking in our article. Read on for helpful information on how to dry pumpkins for homemade crafts.
How long can pumpkins be stored in the cellar? The average for most pumpkins is half a year, although it depends on the specific type of vegetable. Table varieties are better long-livers, while forage species can only be stored a few months... It is better not to exceed the permissible shelf life, even if the vegetable looks perfect in appearance, without rotten plaque or traces of infection.
Don't let pumpkins lie unattended in your cellar all season long - occasionally inspect foods and eat those that start to spoil. This is especially important during severe frosts.
Vegetables will need additional layer of protection - you can insulate them by adding a little more dry straw and covering them with sheets of newspaper or thick cloth. The main thing is to leave the pumpkins the opportunity to "breathe", but not to accumulate excess condensation.
How to store pumpkin for the winter in the cellar? It is better to store the pumpkin on a stand like shelf or palletbut by no means on earth. Stalks all vegetables should be facing up, and the vegetables should be stacked on something dry and soft like straw. If you are afraid that vegetables will be pressed against the wall, then put a little straw into the resulting space.
If you do not have any shelves in the room, it is better to equip the cellar with simple wooden frames on a stand without walls. Better if it will wooden flat surface... Don't forget to include a small layer of straw or paper.
Pumpkin is one of those vegetables that cannot be tolerated critical temperatures.
They prefer moderate humidity and relatively low temperatures.
Middle and late varieties are famous excellent keeping quality and methods, subject to all storage rules, to lie in the cellar until spring.
Do not scatter fruits in complete disarray on the floor of the cellar or basement. For these purposes, spacious shelves or pallets covered with straw are needed. It is better to store vegetables at some distance from each other and the walls of the room.
If you follow these simple but effective storage guidelines, you are sure to provide yourself with a supply of ripe pumpkin. for the whole winter until warming.