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The combination "cucumbers-tomatoes"For the vast majority of people familiar and connected
with their frequent joint stay in fresh salads and winter preparations. It has already become a kind of "vegetable classic".
The question of whether it is possible to grow cucumbers and tomatoes in the same greenhouse worries many. Is there any benefit from the close proximity of these crops in gardening? How to be if the greenhouse is alone, but you want to get a harvest of both those and other vegetables?
Long road to popularity
In any living organism, be it a plant or an animal, nature has a certain genetic code that determines its properties and requirements for the environment.
Breeding work with seed material carried out for many decades has made it possible to change and improve the appearance and taste of vegetables.
But it is very rarely given the opportunity to change their requirements for the growing environment, although some plants can adapt to changing conditions in nature through mutational processes.
Hot India with high air humidity - homeland of cucumber... In the wild, it still grows in those places.
Images of a cucumber have been found on frescoes in Ancient Egypt and Greek temples. A vegetable known in such ancient times in other countries in Russia was first mentioned in printed sources in the 16th century.
Presumably, the cucumber came to us from East Asia, but it tasted amazingly and became a truly national product.
Bountiful harvests of cucumbers are grown in most of the country - in greenhouses and on the ground. And then, with love and diligence, cucumbers are harvested for eating all year round.
Wild tomato were first discovered in South America during the expedition of Christopher Columbus, and their seeds were brought to Europe because of the decorativeness of the bushes. At home, tomato thickets were found on dry and ventilated mountain slopes. The climate of those places was ideal for tomatoes - mild, temperate, with occasional heavy rains. The 24-hour temperature ranged from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius.
REFERENCE: In Holland, France and Germany, tomatoes were grown in the greenhouses of wealthy people, landed for decoration in gardens and near gazebos. Their fruits were considered poisonous. And only in 1811, the German Botanical Dictionary posted on its pages information that tomatoes can be eaten.
Tomato seeds came to Russia under Catherine II, but only at the beginning of the 19th century they began to be grown in the southern regions of the country as edible crop and get good harvests.
In the photo below you can see cucumbers and tomatoes in one polycarbonate greenhouse:
If there is only one greenhouse, but really want to get a harvest of those and other favorite vegetables, the desire to experiment often wins. Desperate summer residents and gardeners boldly divide the greenhouse area into two adjacent zones and plant tomato seedlings on one, and cucumber seedlings on the other. What is the compatibility of cucumbers and tomatoes in the same greenhouse? Let's try to answer this question.
During the summer, both crops in a polycarbonate greenhouse receive the same care and grow in the same microclimate with the same conditions. With special diligence, the owners do not remain without a crop, but they will not have to be called abundant.
The reason for this is all the same genetics, which requires different conditions for each type of vegetables close to those in which their distant wild relatives once grew.
For cucumbers the optimal conditions for favorable growth will be a hot atmosphere, with high, up to 90-100% humidity.
Drafts are detrimental to this culture. Moreover, wet "bath" procedures significantly increase the yield of cucumbers. To do this, in warm weather, the bushes are well shed under the root and over the leaves, the paths and walls of the greenhouse are abundantly watered.
Then the doors are tightly closed and withstand this mode for 1-1.5 hours, after which the greenhouse is opened for ventilation. The leaves of cucumbers are very large, such procedures allow them to safely cope with the evaporation of moisture, preventing drying out.
With insufficient moisture, cucumbers grow tasteless, ugly in shape.
Tomatoes feel better in a different microclimate. Like their cousins in the wild, they prefer low humidity, 40 to 60%. They are very fond of airing.
Watering tomatoes is enough on average 2 times a week. In a too humid environment, the pollen in the flowers sticks together, the fruits in the brushes are not tied. The consequence of high humidity in the greenhouse is always the appearance of fungal and bacterial diseases of tomatoes.
The yield of vegetables decreases, the taste of the fruits deteriorates, and cracks appear on them.
With such different requirements, any compromise will mean a situation where both sides lose, so it is worth trying to change the conditions by setting up separate zones in capital greenhouses.
Divide living space: growing cucumbers and tomatoes in one greenhouse
Divide the greenhouse into two parts you can partitions from slate, plastic curtains, plywood. Cucumbers are planted in the far "room" where the window is located. Here they will be protected from drafts, it will be possible to provide them with high humidity.
Tomatoes will be planted in the square near the greenhouse door. It is possible by keeping the door open at all times to maintain a relatively low humidity and temperature in the greenhouse.
In order to prevent water from flowing from one section to another, it will be necessary to make a barrier to separate the soil to a depth.
Now you can pamper tomato bushes with good feeding, which they love very much. This is especially true for tall varieties of tomatoes.
For cucumbers in a personal "room" abundant water treatments and high humidity are provided without much harm to neighbors. And tomatoes - generous watering with warm water, strictly under the root, avoiding contact with the leaves.
For lovers of the process itself, working with plants, planting tomatoes and cucumbers in a greenhouse will bring pleasure even if the vegetable harvest is not huge.
The most important thing is that with any method in the basket there will be pimpled green cucumbers and poured raspberry tomatoes.
ATTENTION: Experienced gardeners, determined to get the best yield possible, will adhere to strict rules to create optimal conditions for each crop. They will grow all vegetables in a separate greenhouse unless they need the same environment for growth. For example, the same cucumbers and bell peppers or melon. Or tomatoes and various green vegetables.
So, is it possible to plant both cucumbers and tomatoes in a greenhouse? The answer to the question of how to plant, when to plant, as well as the decision of which method of growing cucumbers and tomatoes in a greenhouse to choose, whether it will be joint or not, remains the right of every gardener. If fussing in the garden is more desirable than the opportunity to get more harvest - experiments are just for you!
A video about growing cucumbers and tomatoes in a greenhouse, see below: