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Forty days – collective name of several ultra-early varietiesyielding crops as early as 40 days after planting.
These varieties are different good yieldbut the taste of young tubers is less intense than that of later potatoes.
Potato variety Sorokodnevka description
- medium-sized tubers, weighing from 80 to 120 g;
- oval or round-oval shape;
- the peel is thin, evenly colored, smooth or slightly rough;
- skin color is light, from white to pale yellow or pinkish;
- eyes are small, shallow, unpainted;
- the flesh on the cut is creamy or pale yellow;
- the starch content is moderate, ranging from 11 to 15%;
- high content of protein, valuable amino acids, beta-carotene.
Characteristics of potatoes
Potato Sorokodnevka is a common name for especially early varieties.
Most often, this name is varieties of folk selection, which are rather difficult to identify within the State Register.
The potato is suitable for growing on small farms and in private households; it is not used for industrial cultivation.
Ultrasound varieties are tolerant to weather changes, they put up with light frosts and not too fertile soils. They are able to withstand short-term drought.
In regions with a warm climate, Forty days are planted 2 or even 3 times a year... The yield is good, depending on the composition of the soil and climate, from 1 hectare can be harvested from 200 to 300 quintals of potatoes.
The composition of tubers is uneven; along with large root crops, non-marketable trifles come across. There are few ugly tubers.
Bushes are medium in size or tall, fairly spreading. Abundant formation of green mass, leaves of medium size, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. Corolla is assembled from large white, rapidly falling flowers. Berries are rarely tied.
Potatoes Sorokodnevka poorly stored, does not tolerate long-distance transportation... But it is great for sale. Early beautiful tubers are in good demand and allow you to quickly realize the harvest.
You can also get acquainted with other early maturing potato varieties presented on our website: Borovichok, Kubanka, Crimean rose, Krepysh, Felox, Triumph, Agatha, Holland, Natasha, Red Lady, Scarlet, Uladar, Bullfinch, Rosara, Bullfinch, Red Scarlett, Molly, Luck, Lyubava, Latona.
Early ripening protects potatoes from many unpleasant nightshade diseases. It is rarely affected by potato crayfish or common scab, and is resistant to viruses. Practically not affected by late blight of leaves and tubers.
The taste of potatoes is pleasantbut not too bright. The fortieth day is not watery and not dry, the moderate starch content does not allow the root crops to darken when cutting and cooking.
The digestibility is moderate. The best use of tubers is cooking boiled whole potatoes, baking, stuffing, deep-frying.
The photo shows the potato variety Sorokodnevka:
Advantages and disadvantages
Among main advantages varieties:
- very early maturation;
- pleasant taste of tubers;
- good yield;
- tolerance to drought, temperature drop, heat;
- versatility of tubers;
- seed material does not degenerate for a long time;
- resistance to major diseases.
Despite the many advantages, the variety also has disadvantages... Collected tubers are very poorly stored, they are recommended to be consumed immediately after digging up. Due to the thin skin, the roots can be damaged when digging, therefore harvesting is carried out only by hand.
Many novice gardeners have a question: when to plant Forty-day potatoes? It is planted in the spring, the soil should warm up to 10 degrees, but retain a good supply of moisture.
In regions with a warm climate, planting at the end of March is possible, but more often tubers are planted closer to the beginning of May... After digging up the first crop, the soil is loosened, fertilizers are applied and the second batch of tubers is planted.
Thus, up to 2-3 harvests per year... Gardeners note that with the second planting, the tubers are larger.
Before planting, the tubers are pickled, dried, treated with a growth stimulant. For planting, use medium-sized undamaged potatoes. Non-commodity trifles do not guarantee yield, large root crops cannot be obtained.
Bushes are planted at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other. Before planting, you can add a little humus and wood ash to the holes. During the planting season, they huddle 1-2 times, forming high ridges.
Watering the plantings is not necessary, the spring soil retains an adequate supply of moisture. You don't need to fertilize the bushes, a single feeding is enough before laying the tubers.
Before planting, it is worth determining how many potatoes you need. Root crops are very poorly stored, it is advisable to eat them immediately after planting. You only need to store seed material, while it will often have to be sorted out to reject damaged tubers.
Diseases and pests
Potatoes Sorokodnevka resistant to many nightshade diseases... It is rarely affected by potato crayfish, golden nematode, scab, or viruses.
Early maturation does not allow plants to become infected with late blight.
For prophylaxis, the tubers are pickled before planting, it is recommended to change the planting sites annually.
Such a strategy will not only protect potatoes from disease, but also significantly increase yields.
Young fresh tops attract a variety of pests: aphids, Colorado beetles, spider mites, wireworms, cicadas. Timely weeding, pre-planting processing of soil and tubers will help to save planting.
Before planting, it is important to pick out plant residues from the soil, which can become a breeding ground for insect larvae.
In case of severe injuries, spraying with insecticides is possible. It is advisable not to carry out processing after the beginning of flowering bushes.
In the fight against the Colorado potato beetle, chemicals will help: Aktara, Corado, Regent, Commander, Prestige, Lightning, Tanrek, Apache, Tabu.
Potato variety Sorokodnevka - a real favorite in private subsidiary plots. The potato ripens quickly, is a little sick, the tubers have a pleasant taste and beautiful appearance.
Despite the lack of official registration, the variety continues its triumphant march through private gardens, delighting lovers of healthy early potatoes.
Watch the video: how to grow early potatoes