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Gerberas have long been no less popular in Russia than traditional roses or carnations. Gerberas fell in love with everyone for their simple beauty and variety of colors. Bouquets of them look great both in large ceremonial halls and in small rooms.
But in order for these beautiful and bright flowers to stand in a vase longer, you need to follow several rules, which we will talk about here. We also recommend that you watch an interesting and useful video on this topic.
What is this plant?
Gerbera or, as it is also called, African chamomile is a herbaceous plant belonging to the Aster family, which naturally grows in South Africa, Madagascar and in some countries of tropical Asia. This bright and beautiful flower was named after the German botanist Traugott Gerber.
Outwardly, the gerbera resembles a chamomile or daisy, but its flowers are much larger: their diameter is from four to fifteen centimeters.
Attention: There are several types of gerberas, the diameter of the inflorescences of which reaches thirty centimeters.
The type of inflorescences in this plant is a basket, and both simple, semi-double and double... There are a lot of colors, both monochrome and multi-colored, in which one tone passes into another. The most common are red, yellow, orange, white, cream or pink color of gerbera flowers.
Does it grow in water?
Roses placed in the water start up roots over time, so that they can be easily transplanted into a flower pot or into open ground, where they are more likely to take root easily. But gerbera does not grow in water, and therefore, no matter how long it stands there, it will not be able to start up the roots. Therefore, if you decide to grow this beautiful plant, then it is better to purchase it in a specialized store and not waste time waiting for the roots of a gerbera standing in the water. You can read about how to transplant a plant after purchase here, and how to care for a gerbera in a pot, read here.
How to choose and buy cut flowers correctly?
When buying flowers, you always want the bouquet to last longer.... But for this you need the flowers to be as fresh as possible. Here are the signs of freshness of cut gerberas:
- The stems should be strong, dense and hard, and if you press on the stem of the flower, then nothing should flow out of the cut.
- The stem of fresh flowers itself is of an even green color, without spots and puffiness.
- The cut on the stem is light, without darkening and rot.
- Fresh flowers have smooth, regular petals, flexible but resilient. In relation to the peduncle, they are located at an obtuse angle, do not bend or bend downwards.
When buying gerberas, it is better not to dwell on ready-made bouquets, but to choose flowers separately and carefully examine each of them. Even if the already assembled bouquet looks perfectly fresh, there is no guarantee that 1-2 flowers are not hidden in it, which have already begun or are about to begin to wither.
Also, ready-made bouquets are a great opportunity for the seller to sell flowers with crumpled and broken stems.... You need to be especially careful if the bouquet is decorated with many bows, ruffles and other elements of excessive decor. If you really like the already assembled bouquet so much, then it is better to ask the seller to repeat the flower arrangement in your presence from the new flowers you personally selected.
How much can they stand?
Depending on the conditions of storage, transportation and care of already cut flowers, gerberas can stand in a vase from seven to fourteen or more days. Here are the basic requirements for cutting and storing these flowers:
- It is possible to cut gerberas only after the inflorescence is fully disclosed and the pollen has ripened.
- Immediately after cutting, the stems of flowers are dipped for several hours in a small amount of water at room temperature, after which several pieces are placed in cardboard boxes.
- Cut gerberas are stored for no longer than 36 hours at a temperature of 3-5 ° C.
If these conditions were met, and the flowers put in the vase were properly cared for, then the gerberas will stand for a very long time, even longer than two weeks.
How to keep it longer?
The main problem of gerberas is a large basket with a relatively thin and fragile stem.... Therefore, when composing a bouquet of these beautiful and bright flowers, you must act extremely carefully so as not to accidentally damage them.
So, what needs to be done to maximize the life of gerberas placed in a vase?
To begin with, you need to prune the leaves and stem, it is especially important to remove the lower leaves that rot while in the water. You should also cut off all dried leaves and shorten the stem.... It is best to cut it under water and obliquely.
Why cut underwater? To prevent the cut from oxidizing in air. A sharp knife should be used as a pruning tool, not a pruner, which can squeeze the capillaries, which will cause the flower to receive less water. Subsequently, every two to three days, the cut should be regularly updated.
To prevent gerbera stalks from being nicked due to a too large and heavy basket, you can wrap them with thick paper or special wire for flowers.
How to place correctly?
Before putting flowers in a vase, it should be washed with a disinfectant.... Due to the fact that the gerbera does not absorb water well, its stem must either be pierced from below, or an incision must be made in it vertically.
These flowers should not be placed so that the cuts of the stems reach the bottom of the vase. To do this, use special tablet devices.
Advice: You can also, by wrapping the stems with a bandage or cotton ribbon, secure with a fishing line on the neck of the vase.
Place for a bouquet
Gerberas do not like heat and bright sunlight.... If you put them in an open, brightly lit place or near heating appliances, they will soon droop and begin to wither quickly. But drafts are not good for these flowers either.
It is best to place the bouquet of gerberas in a cool shaded place - there they will be most comfortable. At the same time, make sure that the flowers do not come into contact with anything: if their petals even wrinkle a little or are cut by some object, this will accelerate their withering and spoil the appearance of the bouquet.
Spraying the flowers daily will also prolong their life.
What kind of water?
Water for gerberas must be taken fresh, already separated from chlorine and harmful impurities... Its temperature should be room temperature. For disinfection, you can add an activated charcoal tablet and an aspirin tablet to the water. Instead of the latter, it is also permissible to use a little citric acid.
The water level in the vase should be such that the stems are covered by no more than 5 cm, otherwise they will rot. The water for gerberas must be regularly changed, preventing the appearance of turbidity and sediment in it, and in the hot season or under artificial heating conditions, pour it in between replacements.
How to choose a container?
The vase should be selected in such a way that the flowers in the bouquet are not tightly pressed against each other, or even more so, squeezed. At the same time too wide a vase neck can accelerate the wilting of gerberas, since these flowers, due to the presence of a soft and easily bending stem, can droop due to insufficient support.
Important: If gerberas were brought into the room from frost, they should not be placed in the vase immediately: you need to let the flowers warm up and get used to room temperature.
Additional tips and warnings
- Gerbera stems should be shortened as much as possible: the shorter the stem, the longer the flowers will stand in the vase.
- Due to the fact that the stem of the gerbera is covered with a small "edge" of hairs, mucus easily collects on them. Therefore, when placing flowers in a vase, it is necessary to pay special attention to antibacterial treatment. To do this, you can either place a small silver object (spoon, pendant, ring) in the water, or add a weak solution of potassium permanganate, coniferous extract. You can also put in charcoal and add some boric alcohol or regular ethyl alcohol.
- In no case should you take tap water for gerberas, as it contains a lot of impurities and chlorine that can be harmful to these flowers. The water should be defended, and its temperature should be room temperature.
- The water in the vase must be changed daily.
- Sweetening the water or adding fertilizer, as some florists advise, will be beneficial for gerberas.
- You can revive a withered bouquet using the following solution: add two teaspoons of ethyl alcohol and two drops of ammonia to four liters of water. And you can also put the flowers that have begun to fade in a bath of water, a few hours after that the gerberas will most likely come to life.
Gerberas are considered to be quite capricious flowers, however, if done correctly, they will stand in a vase for at least a week or even two. Taking care of gerberas in a vase is not very easy, but all the effort is worth it.... After all, these flowers are distinguished by such a variety of shapes and colors that they are able to create any mood: from solemn and even pretentious, to light and relaxed.
Watch a video on how to preserve cut gerberas for longer: