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Many people think that hibiscus is a purely indoor plant. But this is not the case. The Syrian hibiscus of the Duc de Brabant variety lives well in the garden.
This is a fairly tall shrub with fabulously beautiful flowers, also called the "Flower of Love", the Syrian rose, or katmia.
Hibiscus syriacus is one of the flowering shrubs that can winter in our latitudes. A good choice for a background plant, looks great as a hedge, also planted in compositions with other plants and as a solo element of the landscape.
Syrian hibiscus Duke de Brabant - perennial tree-like deciduous shrub with a lush crown. The plant belongs to the Malvaceae family. Bears fruit in brown pods with five walls.
This variety has a slightly different name - Duke de Brabant. And a few more variations: Garden Hibiscus Duc de Brabant, Terry Hibiscus Duc de Brabant, Treelike Hibiscus Duc de Brabant. The Latin name of the plant is "Hibiscus syriacus Duc de Brabant".
The bush can grow to a decent size: in height from 1.5 to 2 meters and in diameter up to 2 meters. The shoots of the Syrian guest are light brown and grow vertically. The foliage is dark green, shaped like chrysanthemum leaves. Duc de Brabant blooms with purple-red double flowers with a dark center, the diameter of which reaches 14 centimeters. Flowering usually lasts from July to September. This variety, like all hibiscus, has short-lived flowers. But the plant has many peduncles, and therefore the flowering is continuous.
Duc de Brabant was developed in the Netherlands. Syrian hibiscus in the modern world is very widespread: it adorns landscapes in China, Korea, and Western Asia.
Below you can see a photo of a Syrian hibiscus.
- Temperature. The frost-resistant Duc de Brabant is not particularly capricious in terms of temperature and can withstand up to -29 degrees in winter.
- Watering. Since Duc de Brabant is a native of hot countries, he needs moderate watering. But on especially hot and sultry days, it is better to give him additional servings of liquid.
Important! Mulching will reduce the rate of evaporation of moisture and create more comfortable conditions for the flower.
- Shine. This variety of Syrian hibiscus is not a shade lover, and therefore a warm and sunny place with light partial shade is well suited for it.
- Priming. For abundant flowering, you need fertile and well-drained soil. The following soil composition will be good: foliage soil, sod soil, sand and humus in a ratio of 3: 4: 1: 1.
- Pruning. You need to cut the flower to stimulate flowering and to give a more beautiful and decorative shape (cube, ball or pyramid, whatever). The main pruning is best done in early spring.
- Remove old and dried branches and leaves.
- Healthy shoots are shortened by two-thirds to stimulate future flowering.
- Then they give the desired shape by cutting off the branches around the skeletal branches.
- Top dressing. In spring and summer, the plant can be fed with fertilizers with phosphorus once every two weeks. In the fall, it is better to fertilize with phosphorus-potassium supplements, as they will make the bush more resistant in winter.
Iron chelate can be added to the irrigation liquid - it will be a good prevention of chlorosis.
- Transfer. Hibiscus is a perennial plant. He can live fine without a transplant for up to 20 years.
- Wintering. In winter, plants up to 3 years old need protection. The bush must be spud high, mulched and tied with spunbond.
We talked more about caring for Syrian hibiscus outdoors in a separate article.
It is much easier to propagate Syrian hibiscus by cuttings than by seeds.
For propagation by cuttings you need:
- cut off cuttings with 2-3 knots;
- put them in water for rooting;
- after the roots appear, transplant the shoot into a container with earth (garden soil mixed with peat is suitable);
- let the plant overwinter under the roof;
- plant in open ground in spring.
If you wish, you can immediately plant a stalk in the garden, but then you need to worry about warming it for the winter.
The flowering time of the bush depends on the choice of the wintering place: with a warm version, it occurs earlier - the next year, otherwise - after 3 years.
When propagated by seeds, the terry of Duke de Brabant will not be transmitted to daughter plants, and they will bloom only after 4-5 years.
- Seeds are sown in separate containers and greenhouse conditions are created for them.
- When the sixth leaf appears, young plants are pinched from above, giving them the shape of a bush.
- As they ripen, the flowers are transplanted into larger pots by transferring and left to winter in a room with cold air.
- The next year, they are planted in a permanent place.
Briefly about diseases and pests
Aphids are especially active on hot summer days. Its appearance is noticeable by shriveled, dried leaves. Much less often, the Syrian hibiscus is attacked by the flower moth or sawfly. For the prevention of infection, as well as for treatment, you need to use insecticides.
Important! If you plant lavender next to a hibiscus, then aphids can not be afraid: the parasite is frightened off by the smell of this flower.
Very often, hibiscus is watered incorrectly, and this is reflected in the plant by the falling off of flowers and leaves.
- Specious Syrian hibiscus has the same double flowers as Duc de Brabant.
- Olbia lavatera is a beautiful perennial shrub from the Malvov family. The shape of its flowers resembles those of Duc de Brabant, and the colors can be white, pink or red.
- The Sudanese rose will also delight the owner with juicy red flowers.
- Stock-rose pink - another representative of the Malvovs with a similar flower shape. It grows up to 2 meters and can make an interesting composition with the Syrian hibiscus.
- Mallow Powder Puffs Mixed has large double flowers of various shades.
Hibiscus Duc de Brabant is equally beautiful in solo composition and in company with other plants in the garden. It can be used as a wonderful hedge, you just need to plant a few bushes in a row. In any case, this shrub, easy to plant and unpretentious to care for, will be a real gift for any gardener.