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The chemical composition of the radish: calorie content, vitamins, micro and macro elements. The benefits and harms of root crops

The chemical composition of the radish: calorie content, vitamins, micro and macro elements. The benefits and harms of root crops


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Many people know radish, but not everyone grows it in their garden. Meanwhile, it is not only tasty, but also very useful, healing vegetable. If you have not yet had time to get to know him, now is the time to do it so that in the coming season you will find a place for the radish in your beds.

Its beneficial properties have been known for a long time and are found in many recipes for the treatment of various kinds of diseases. The types of this vegetable may differ from each other in shape, as well as color. Regardless of whether black, white or green radish, it contains a certain set of vitamins and elements.

Why is it important to know the composition of a vegetable?

The composition of any product is the most important information about its usefulness and harmfulness. The available vitamins, elements of the radish have a certain effect on the functioning of the human body. This impact can be both positive and negative. Therefore, you need to know about the properties of the radish, what vitamins, how many calories and BJU it contains, in order to use them to improve the functioning of your body.

The use of certain substances in the presence of diseases has its own contraindications. Before consuming a vegetable in large quantities, you need to familiarize yourself with its composition.

Chemical composition and nutritional value

Fresh

100 grams contains:

  • proteins - 1.9 g;
  • fats - 0.2 g;
  • carbohydrates - 6.7 g;
  • calorie content - 34.5 kcal.

Pickled

100 g of radish with a marinade of vinegar, salt, sunflower oil and water contains:

  • proteins - 1.1 g;
  • fats - 2.5 g;
  • carbohydrates - 4.3 g;
  • energy value - 44.1 kcal.

In the salad

100 g of radish salad seasoned with oil, sour cream and salt contains:

  • proteins - 2.2 g;
  • fats - 19.1 g;
  • carbohydrates - 6.3 g;
  • calorie content - 204.2 kcal.

Vitamins

VitaminQuantity per 100gAction on the body
Retinol (Vitamin A)3 μg
  • Responsible for the correct growth of the whole organism.
  • Regulates metabolism.
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)0.03 mg
  • Participation in the breakdown of glucose and its overuse into energy.
  • Strengthening the nervous system.
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)0.03 mg
  • Transport of oxygen to all cells of the body.
  • Control of the functioning of vision.
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)0.18 mg
  • Help in the assimilation of other nutrients.
  • Controlling blood cholesterol levels.
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)0.06 mgEssential for proper brain function.
Ascorbic acid (Vitamin FROM)29 mgStrengthening immunity
Tocopherol (Vitamin E)0.1 mg
  • Strengthening blood vessels.
  • Improving the condition of the skin, nails, hair.
Niacin (as Vitamin B3)0.3 mg
  • Participation in energy exchange.
  • Control of glucose levels in the body.

Reference. To get your daily intake of vitamin C, you need to eat only 150 grams of radish.

Glycemic index

This index shows how much a certain food increases blood glucose levels.

In foods with a low glycemic index, carbohydrates are evenly converted into energy. Therefore, the body can quickly use it up. And with a high index, some of the carbohydrates are converted into fat, which is deposited.

The glycemic index of the radish is 17. This is a low figure, which indicates the usefulness of the vegetable for people seeking to maintain a slim figure, as well as for those with high blood sugar levels.

Macronutrients

  1. Potassium. An average of 100 grams contains 357 mg. This indicator differs depending on the type of radish. This element is necessary for the proper functioning of the muscles and blood vessels of the internal organs, especially the heart.
  2. Calcium. 35 mg is contained in 100 g of a vegetable. Ca affects the health of bones and teeth, as well as blood cholesterol levels.
  3. Magnesium. 22 mg - in 100 g of radish. It is essential for healthy muscles and nerves.
  4. Sodium. 100 g of radish contains 13 mg. Its main function is to normalize the water-salt balance.
  5. Phosphorus. This element in 100 grams of radish - 26 mg. Essential for proper metabolism.

Trace elements

  1. Of the trace elements, radish contains iron, which is necessary for the supply of oxygen to human tissues and organs. 100 grams of radish contains 1.2 mg of this element.
  2. Also, the radish contains phytoncides, which provide the specific taste of the radish, and protect the body from viruses. Radishes with a more pungent taste have more of these substances, and, accordingly, they are healthier.
  3. Contained in radish and essential oils, which increase appetite, and are also involved in preparing the digestive system for the digestion of food.
  4. The root vegetable of the vegetable contains fiber, which affects the withdrawal of cholesterol, cleansing the body of harmful substances. It also affects the improvement of the digestive system.
  5. One of the important substances in the radish is lysozyme. Its usefulness is explained by the ability to prevent the appearance and reproduction of bacteria and fungi. It also has anti-inflammatory effects.

The benefits of a root vegetable

  1. Normalization of the digestive system: getting rid of unnecessary substances, correct stool, improving metabolism, restoring intestinal microflora.
  2. Reduces the risk of atherosclerosis due to its anti-plaque properties.
  3. Improves skin condition. In cosmetology it is also used as an external remedy for skin whitening.
  4. Used in the treatment of coughs. Radish juice is an expectorant.
  5. It has a diuretic and choleretic effect.
  6. Improving metabolism.
  7. It has an immunostimulating and restorative effect on the entire body.
  8. Relieves swelling, removes excess fluid from the body.
  9. Acts as a natural antibiotic, heals and disinfects wounds.
  10. Used as a prophylactic agent for constipation.

You can find out about the beneficial properties, as well as the possible dangers of radish, here, and here you can learn about how this vegetable with honey is used to treat various diseases.

Contraindications

With small and non-daily doses, radish does not harm the body. The constant use of a vegetable is contraindicated in the following cases:

  1. In the presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
  2. Diseases of the kidneys and liver.
  3. For signs of allergy to essential oils.
  4. With gout.
  5. With individual intolerance to the components of the vegetable.
  6. During pregnancy.
  7. After suffering a heart attack.

Being a common, readily available vegetable, radish is a carrier of nutrients for the human body... For their correct use, it is important to know all the properties of the radish. And the most important thing is how these substances act on a person in the presence of a particular disease. Proper use of a vegetable will bring many benefits to a person to maintain the health and strength of his body.

The video provides information on the benefits and contraindications of radish for the human body:


Watch the video: Lecture 2: What is Food and Nutrients (October 2022).