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"Lady's slipper" is a kind of orchid that resembles a lady's shoe. This beautiful flower is loved by many growers for its ease of care and its singularity. The homeland of orchids is wild tropical thickets, but you can create comfortable conditions for it in an apartment.
This tropical beauty will be a wonderful decoration for any interior. This article will discuss the rules for keeping this delicious plant.
History of origin, origin and place of residence
English botanist John Lindsay studied this orchid genus in 1737. These flowers can be found on the border of North Vietnam and South China, India. In Russia, it is extremely rare that you can see this plant in the Far East, Crimea and Western Siberia.
Paphiopedilum (Paphiopedilum) - the scientific name of this orchid and is translated as "shoe from Paphos" - the city in Cyprus, where the goddess of love was born.
Detailed description of the appearance:
- The buds are silky and large, composed of bizarre petals.
- The petals are dense.
- Known for its varied hues.
- The stem is long and straight.
- Horizontal roots, brown color.
- The leaves are dark green.
What is the difference from other species?
- Unusual flower structure, which has a convex lower petal.
- Creeping horizontal rhizome.
- Slippers grow both on rocks and on the ground.
Pafiopedilum varieties with description and photo
About 70 species and 1500 interspecific hybrids of terrestrial, epiphytic and semi-epiphytic are known. Further you can familiarize yourself with the description of the most common of them and see a photo.
Appleton Orchid is a spring blooming flower. Its leaves are narrow and long, dense, with marble blotches on juicy greenery. The petals are lilac, purple-lilac with green streaks. The flowers are large.
This orchid has long, juicy green leaves. The color of the peduncle is green, with purple blotches. From December to March, the Slipper is covered with bright yellow flowers, wavy along the edge.
This species is the progenitor of the first artificial hybrid. This orchid blooms in the spring. A purple-tinged flower with a white top petal and a pale green center with distinct stripes.
This orchid has a strongly lowered peduncle. Its even petals, during the opening of the flower, become corrugated. It is characterized by bright emerald narrow leaves.
This hybrid orchid resembles the hairiest orchid in appearance. Its difference is in shorter petals.
This Himalayan flower blooms in September and is known for its bright green flowers and aromatic scent.
Greenish brown at the top petal, bordered by a white stripe. The large lip is pale red or brownish with fine veins. This orchid blooms from autumn to spring.
The peduncle is decorated with 1-2 flowers. The shoe itself is covered with rounded petals. The rest of the white petals are decorated with dark crimson spots.
This species is named after the president of the gardening society. It has light leaves with small streaks and large flowers, with a sharp tip on the upper petal. The striped green center fades into a reddish shade against a white background. The lower petal is brown, and dark red spots are scattered along the edges of the lateral ones.
Snowy, or snow-white
This type of orchid is decorated with small white flowers, on which small pinkish dots are scattered. All petals are the same size and shape. The lip is of the same snow-white color with a yellow stamen. Blooms in summer.
Beautiful or adorable
This slipper has a tall peduncle with green or yellow petals, which become burgundy towards the edge. and acquire a wavy edge. Dark points are located at the edges of the petals. An unusual shape resembling a triangle is formed by the upper, slightly greenish petal, with even stripes.
The lip is also lined with stripes on the outer light burgundy background, and its inner side has a yellowish tint. The leaves of this plant species are elliptical, slightly elongated.
When does it start and how long does it last?
The flowering of Venus's slipper orchids in the wild begins in the 15th year of growth and lasts from November to March. Some species bloom in July. Houseplants bloom at the age of 1.5 to 2 years. An adult specimen usually produces 1-2 peduncles, the height of which reaches 40 cm. Buds of various shades. There are species with blotches, stripes or specks. Inflorescences form in the autumn-winter period, but hybrid species can bloom at any time of the year.
How to care before and after flowering?
It is not recommended to disturb the lady's slipper during bud formation. and move the pot to another place, or change the top dressing. After flowering, you need to arrange for him to rest. To do this, the temperature in the room is reduced to 20 degrees, watering is reduced and no feeding is done. Habitual care should be resumed after a new appendage appears on the outlet.
What if there are no buds?
If this is the case, try the drought method by increasing the intervals between waterings. So, for example, if you previously irrigated it every 3-4 days, now double this period of time. You will be able to return to the usual way of watering in case of a peduncle.
Step by step instructions for home care
The lady's slipper requires a lot of care and attention.
- Choose a sill on the east side of the window.
- Do not leave near heating appliances.
- Leave the curtains open during the off-season and winter for better light penetration.
Preparing the soil and pot
For the Slipper Orchid, a special soil is required. Its basis consists of pine bark (3 parts) and peat soil (1 part). You can add to this mixture:
Basic requirements for choosing a pot:
- Choose a ceramic or plastic product.
- Get the pot small and with a drain hole.
- Its base should be narrower than the neck.
The lady's slipper can be both a thermophilic and a frost-resistant plant. Variegated and hybrid orchids are considered thermophilic. These varieties must be kept between +25 and +30 C in summer. The optimum temperature for them in winter is within +22 C. Those plants that tolerate cold have wide dark leaves. In summer they need to maintain +18 +22 C, and in winter about +19 C.
Important! At temperatures from + 4 C and below, the plant may die. In summer, the premises must be ventilated.
For this inhabitant of the tropics and subtropics, there must be high humidity. It is best to use a moisturizer or place the plant in a small container with damp filler.
The slipper loves bright diffused light, without direct sunlight. It is important for him to be in daylight for at least 15 hours. In winter, it is recommended to use fluorescent lamps for 2-3 hours.
This type of orchid is very moisture-loving. It is better to follow the watering rules:
- The roots should not dry out.
- The soil must be moist.
- In summer, water 2 times a week, in winter one is enough.
- Leave the center of the outlet dry.
- Better to water or irrigate with soft warm water.
You should feed the Slipper in the summer, using complex fertilizers, and also rinse the filling once a month.
This orchid does not tolerate transplanting well. It should be done 2-3 times a year, in the spring. You need to transplant the plant after flowering.
Attention! After transplanting, do not water the plant for 4 days.
We offer you to watch a video on how to transplant a Venus slipper:
How to propagate?
The slipper reproduces during transplantation, by dividing the bush into 3-4 rosettes with roots. The planted shoots do not require watering for two weeks.
Diseases and pests
This species can be attacked by:
- spider mite;
- If you notice small oval insects or scales, then rinse the plant under a hot shower (45 ° C).
- Then wipe with a damp cloth.
Advice. If there is serious damage, then it is better to apply insecticides (Aktofit, Fitoferm or 0.1% karbofos solution).
Prevention of various problems
- Insect prevention should be carried out at home. Every spring and fall, it is necessary to spray the plants with insecticides. A simple way to avoid such unpleasant "guests" is to wipe the Shoe with green soap and maintain constant humidity. If more serious funds are needed, malofos, Fozalon, or Aktellik solution will help.
- Maintain sterility during transplant, to prevent infection by fungi and viruses.
- To prevent root decay, avoid excessive watering. If the plant gets sick and the roots rot, then it is dug up and the problem area is removed.
Subject to the recommendations for the care of the Venus shoe, they will delight us for a long time with their beauty and elegance.
We offer you to watch a video about the content of this type of orchid: