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There is not a single person in this world who would remain indifferent to such a flower as geranium. Did you know that there are about 400 varieties and species of this plant around the planet? Each has its own distinctive feature: color, shape, size.
In this article, we will get acquainted with the tulip geranium - a flower that is completely different from its relatives, but incredibly beautiful and attractive.
Tulip geranium is a perennial herb of the Pelargonium genus of the Geranium family. The stems are straight. Leaves are simple and palmate. They are distinguished by their pronounced brilliance and rigidity.
The fruit is presented in the form of a small box with seeds, which opens from bottom to top. There is one inflorescence on one stem, in which there are 50 semi-double flowers, consisting of 8 petals. They resemble unblown tulips no more than 1 centimeter long. Their color ranges from pale pink to burgundy.
Introducing a photo of a geranium that looks like tulips.
For the first time this species was bred in 1966 in the American city of Boston in the Andrea family nursery. The first variety was named Patricia Andrea. Shortly after this event, breeders bred several more varieties of the plant, which were named after the relatives of the creators.
Tulip geranium was brought to Europe after about 20 years. There it served as the basis for scientific debate, in which it was discussed that this species was not bred artificially, as claimed, but through natural processes.
Sometimes you can hear how this species is called "peony geranium", but this is the wrong name. It is not officially recorded in the international plant classification.
A dwarf variety with bright red inflorescences and carved foliage.
Tmma fran bengtsbo
Tall variety (about 1 meter) with pinkish-white flowers.
Learn about the tulip geranium Tmma fran Bengtsbo from the video:
Low grade with red-pink flowers, which are shaped like a tulip.
We recommend watching the video about the tulip geranium Patricia Andrea:
Medium variety with bright pink lush flowers and emerald-colored leaves.
From the video you will learn about the cultivation of Red Pandora pelargonium:
- This plant is extremely thermophilic, so it is almost impossible to grow it outdoors. It does not tolerate low temperatures.
- The flower is very difficult for selection due to the unusual structure of the inflorescences, therefore, over the past century, only 20 species of this plant have been bred.
- In dire need of good lighting. In winter, it experiences stress if it is not enough.
- Having got used to the look of an ordinary geranium, you will be surprised to get acquainted with the tulip-like variety, because this flower looks more like a tulip with its bright buds with closed petals.
- This plant does not like too fertilized soil, which makes it much easier to care for it.
Where and how to grow at home?
Tulip geranium is an unpretentious plant, but it still requires special care.
Location and lighting
This plant cannot live without light, but direct sunlight is also destructive for it, as it leaves severe burns on the leaves. It is better to place it on the southern windowsills.
Adequate lighting must be maintained in winter. Phytolamps can be used for these purposes.
It is preferable to keep geraniums as far as possible from batteries, air conditioners and drafts.
In the summer it is advised to maintain a temperature of 20-26 degrees Celsius. In winter - 13-16 degrees. The flower does not tolerate sudden changes and contrasts in temperature.
In warmer months, geraniums should be watered up to 4 times a week, and in cold months, once is enough. It is necessary to make a special tray so that excess water is collected in it. Excess moisture causes the root system to start rotting.
Water for irrigation should be at room temperature. It can be boiled or defended in advance.
It is better to place the soil in a wooden or clay pot. You can buy the earthen mixture itself at a flower shop or make it yourself, which is not so difficult.
- Mix equal amounts of garden soil and peat.
- Add coarse sand.
- You can also add humus and sod.
It is necessary to transplant the plant every 3 years, when the root system of the flower begins to appear on the surface.
You need to feed geraniums with liquid fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium. It will be enough to do this once a month, since the flower does not like an excess of minerals.
Nitrogen fertilizer is applied to the soil only in the spring and summer.
It is recommended to prune the flower in the spring:
- It is necessary to leave 5 buds on each stem, and remove the old shoots.
- The cut should be treated with charcoal.
If you do not take responsibility for caring for tulip geraniums, then it can return to its original variety - ordinary geranium:
- pinch new shoots while maintaining the bushy shape of the flower;
- remove dried and withered flowers;
- after full disclosure of the flower, as soon as it loses its appearance tulips, do not regret it and cut it off;
- Be mindful of humidity, temperature and other environmental conditions.
Diseases and pests
Unfortunately, like most plants, tulip geraniums can be attacked by parasites or just get sick.
- Whitefly. Leaves fall off and turn yellow. To get rid of the pest, you must use insecticides.
- Putin tick. The leaves dry up, white dots appear on them, and sometimes you can see the insects themselves. During treatment, the leaves of the plant are treated with alcohol.
- Mealybug. Sugar discharge and white bloom appear on the plant. To get rid of the plant, simply wipe it with soapy water.
- Rust. White round spots appear on the leaves. Unfortunately, for treatment, it is necessary to remove the damaged parts of the flower, and treat the rest with fungicides.
- Gray rot. A gray bloom appears on the leaves. This can only be dealt with by removing diseased areas.
- Blackleg. The stems of the flower turn black, and the leaves turn yellow and fall off. The flower cannot be saved from this disease.
It is necessary to start treatment immediately, because the disease is spreading through a small plant at lightning speed.
In order to propagate a flower, in August it is necessary to collect the apical cuttings:
- Nodes with 3 leaves are cut off.
- Then they are placed in water. After a while, young roots will appear, which are then transferred to moist soil. The container with the flower should be placed on the sunny side.
Flower seeds are planted exclusively in winter:
- To do this, you do not need to deepen them into the ground, it is enough to lightly sprinkle them with soil.
- Next, create a small greenhouse using film or glass.
- When the first leaves appear, it is time for a pick, and after 2-3 months, geraniums can be planted in a regular pot.
Although tulip geranium is not yet popular in our country, it deserves attention. Amazing lush inflorescences, a wide palette of various shades, long flowering - all this will delight not only the owner of the flower, but also any guest who comes to the house where it grows.