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Greenhouses: differences from greenhouses, purpose, types and care

 Greenhouses: differences from greenhouses, purpose, types and care


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Choosing between a greenhouse and a greenhouse - Advantages and disadvantages... What is the best choice? How should you care?

Any novice gardener sooner or later faces the need to build a greenhouse or greenhouse on his land plot.

And this is not surprising because with the help of such structures you can grow your own natural, and most importantly fresh vegetables and herbs much earlier than in the open field. Or maybe it's still a waste of time, effort and money?

What is a greenhouse for?

First of all, this is a huge help in growing many crops, especially heat-loving ones.

Spring night frosts can significantly harm already grown enough sprouts of cucumbers (about greenhouses for cucumbers described here) or blooming strawberries, not to mention tomatoes and only green lettuce leaves. The greenhouse is able to protect the crop from excessive rain and gusty winds, sultry scorching sun.

The need for such a design is obvious, the main thing that needs to be done is select the necessary material and choose the design of the future shelter.

Differences from a greenhouse

What is the difference between a greenhouse and a greenhouse? What is the difference, which is better? Many people think that a greenhouse and a greenhouse are synonyms that have the same meaning, however, this is not entirely true.

Greenhouse Is a large-sized structure with all communications (heating, artificial irrigation of the soil, lighting, etc.), designed to organize the growth of plants all year round.

A greenhouse is a permanent structure, fixed on a foundation, in height allowing the unhindered movement of a person, inside, in full growth.

Greenhouse - this is a structure that does not have additional communications, as a rule, of a small size, although it all depends on the preference of the gardener, which protects the crop from adverse weather conditions in the spring-autumn period.

By design and type greenhouse assemblies are:

  • mobile (portable);
  • collapsible;
  • permanent (fixed on the foundation, not able to move).

Choosing between a greenhouse or a greenhouse, it should be noted that a greenhouse is a rather costly pleasure, which takes place rather for professional farmers who grow vegetables for sale all year round, rather than for “amateur” gardeners.

Nice standard greenhouse quite suitable for growing a crop sufficient for the needs of the average family.

This greenhouse may well become a replacement for a greenhouse, planting seedlings in the winter on the windowsill, followed by transplanting in early spring directly into the greenhouse.

Mini-greenhouses and hotbeds: photos of various options.

And here is a video about summer cottages, models of greenhouses and mini-greenhouses for growing vegetables and more. Choose the most convenient greenhouse for yourself!

Views

In addition to construction, shape and covering material, small structures can be distinguished into a separate category, depending on from the place of their use and purpose:

  1. For seedlings.
  2. Such structures are characterized by a low height, which allows you to retain heat as much as possible, even during frost. The advantage is the ability to grow seedlings directly in the greenhouse, bypassing the sowing of seeds in cups, then boxes, and only then into closed ground.

    Moreover, crops grown on the street are distinguished by higher endurance, which means that they get sick much less often than indoor seedlings. In such shelter buildings, you can plant any types of vegetables, herbs and flowers on seedlings.

  3. Home (balcony, window).
  4. Balcony-window gardening is ideal not only for seedlings, but also for growing a real crop.

    In such greenhouses, it is necessary to grow special varieties adapted for premises (cherry tomatoes, cucumbers, strawberries, onions, etc.), multi-level structures with several tiers will help save space.

  5. Mobile, portable.
  6. In terms of functionality, it is in no way inferior to a stationary greenhouse. The advantage is the ability to move the mobile system to any convenient place, and at the end of the season, the structure is removed as unnecessary, thereby saving space.

  7. Mini.
  8. Such structures are small in size and allow you to grow a small amount of seedlings or crops in general. However, they have a collapsible structure, and the length of the bed can vary with the right approach.

    A huge plus is the ability to install a mobile system in any part of the garden. That allows you to choose the sunniest side of even a small area.

Read how to make a greenhouse with your own hands here.

Care

Collapsible devices after the end of the season are wiped from dirt and dust with potassium permanganate or mustard solution, thoroughly dried and removed to a dry place until the beginning of the next season.

Stationary structures with a foundation and a durable permanent covering material (polycarbonate, glass, etc.) require more careful maintenance. In autumn, all the walls of the greenhouse needs to be disinfected a solution of potassium permanganate to exclude the reproduction of pathogenic pests.

Last year's soil at a depth of 10-15 centimeters fresh is removed and poured with the addition of wood, ash, sand and humus. Dig everything thoroughly and cultivate the land from pests with a sulfur stick. Having prepared the soil of the greenhouse for the new cycle, it is necessary to leave the greenhouse open until the first snowfall or frost.

Greenhouse open in winter or not? For the winter, it is better to close the greenhouse tightly against gusts of wind and snow.

On a sunny frosty day you can put snow in the greenhouse - melt water has a beneficial effect on the composition of the soil. In addition, the snow inside the greenhouse will certainly melt before the outside.

If precipitation is large in winter, it is necessary to periodically clean off the snow with a broom or a wooden shovel. But if the snowfall is moderate, then it is not recommended to clean the surface of the building.


Watch the video: Greenhouse: Best Greenhouse Buying Guide (October 2022).